Reviewing Data - Judgment and Recommendations


Now you are ready to start making claims about your programs based on your evaluation results. Making a claim based on the evaluation framework, review, analysis, and interpretation of the results is a judgment. The results from the Arizona Youth Program may lead us to several types of judgments, conclusions, or claims. An example claim is provided below. 

The amount a student participates in the program may affect their satisfaction with the program.


Making recommendations is the fourth step in reviewing the data and allows you to present the results in a meaningful way. Recommendations can often be the most visible part of a report. Though they can lead to controversy, recommendations can bring the data and evaluation processes together in a useful and meaningful way.  

Some evaluators believe that they should always offer recommendations while others believe that it is not a part of the evaluator role to make recommendations. Regardless, it is likely that, as someone familiar with a program, you will be asked to either make a recommendation based on the results of your evaluation and communication with stakeholders.

Recommendations should be

  • Both useful and practical
  • Supported by the data analysis
  • Created in conjunction with the stakeholders
  • Within the control of the program or stakeholders
  • Open to multiple options
  • Considerate of the costs and benefits to the program
  • Deliberate


Here are some examples of recommendations based on the Arizona Youth Program data:

  • Learn more about students who participate minimally. Investigate strategies that may increase their involvement.
  • Investigate why those students who are frequent participants tend to be more satisfied with the program.
  • Expand on the satisfaction survey findings by asking students to suggest additional activity ideas.


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