Data analysis is the process of systematically examining data with the purpose of spotlighting useful information. Data analysis is the foundation of scientific research. Conducting a complete analysis allows the impact of the work to be determined, the quality of programming to be assessed, and the results to be communicated to stakeholders.
Module 3 (click here to review this module) explained the three types of research designs ranging from true experimental to nonexperimental. The research design should align with the purpose of the research or evaluation and the type of data to be collected. The next section will review the two types of data one might collect.