Additional Resources

Data Types and Sources

Boslaugh, S. (2007). Secondary data sources for public health a practical guide. Cambridge: NY, Cambridge University Press.

McCaston, M. (2005). Tips for collecting, reviewing, and analyzing secondary data. CARE.
Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Patton, M. (2003). Qualitative evaluation checklist. Evaluation Checklist Project, National Science Foundation, 1-13. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Data Collection Techniques

Department of Health and Human Service, Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2008).  Data collection methods for evaluation: Observation. Evaluation briefs, (16). Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Department of Health and Human Service, Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). Data collection methods for evaluation: Document review. Evaluation Briefs, (18). Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Education Development Center. (2004). Key informant interviews. Education Development Center. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Mack, N., Woodsong, C., MacQueen, C., Guest, G., & Namey, E. (2005). Qualitative research methods: A data collector’s field guide: Participant observation. Family Health International. 13-27. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

McNamara, C. (2010). General guidelines for conducting interviews. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

McNamara, C. (2010). Basics of conducting focus groups. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

McNamara, C. (2010). Basics of developing a case study. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Rennekamp, R., & Nall, M. (2008). Using focus groups in program development and evaluation. UK Cooperative Extension Services. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Taylor-Powell, E., & Hermann, C. (2000). Collecting evaluation data: Surveys. UW Extension.  Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Taylor-Powell, E., & Steele, S. (1996). Program development and evaluation, collecting evaluation data: Direct observation. UW Extension. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

University of Illinois Extension. (2010). Program planning and assessment: Key informant interviews. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

University of Wisconsin Extension Cooperative. (2010). Common methods for collecting data. Retrieved from

USAID Center for Development Information and Evaluation. (1996). Conducting a participatory evaluation. Performance Monitoring and Evaluation TIPS. Retrieved from

Using Technology to Collect Data

Gauci, S., Dantas, A., Williams, D., & Kemm, R. (2009). Promoting student-centered active learning in lectures with a personal response system. Advances in Physiology Education, 33, 60-71.

Guthrie, R., & Carlin, A. (2004).Waking the dead: Using interactive technology to engage passive listeners in the classroom. Proceedings of the Tenth Americas Conference on Information System, 1(1), 1-8.

Hanley, J., & Jackson, P. (2006). Making it click: A California high school test drives and evaluates six new personal response systems. Technology and Learning, 1(6), 34-37.

Plescia, M., Herrick, H., & Chavis, L. (2008). Improving health behaviors in an African American community: The charlotte racial and ethnic approaches to community health project.  American Journal of Public Health, 98(9), 1678-1684.

Powe, B., Faulkenberry, R., Harmond, L., & Cooper, D. (2009). Evaluating the use of an audience response technology system to collect research data among African American elders. Ageing International, 34(1), 60-66. 

PDA and Text Messaging

Adiguzel, T., Vannest, K., & Zellner, R. (2009). The use and efficacy of handheld computers for school-based data collection: A literature review. Computers in the Schools, 26(3), 187-206.

Abo-Zena, M., Warren, A., Isaac, S., Du, D., Phelps, E., Lerner, R., & Roeser, R. (2009). Methodological note: On using personal digital assistants for survey administration in the study of youth development. Journal of Youth Development,4(3), 1-5.

Cheung, S. (2008). Using mobile phone messaging as a response medium in classroom experiments. The Journal of Economic Education,17, 51-66.

Guadagno, L., VandeWeerd, C., Stevens, D., Abraham, I., Paveza, G., & Fulmer, T. (2004). Using PDAs for data collection. Applied Nursing Research,17(4), 283-291.

Reimers, S., & Stewart, N. (2009).Using SMS text messaging for teaching and data collection in the behavioral sciences. The Psychonomic Society, Inc, 41(3), 675-681.

Tatar, D., Roschelle, J., Vahey, P., & Penuel, W. (2003). Handhelds go to school: Lessons learned. IEEE Computer, 36(9), 30-37. 

Web-based Surveying and Social Networking Sites

Andrews, D., Nonnecke, B., Preece, J. (2003). Electronic survey methodology: A case study in reaching hard to involve Internet users. International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, 16(2), 185-210.

Carscaddon, L., & Harris, C. (2009). Working the social: Twitter and Friendfeed. Library Journal, 24-26. Retrieved April 21, 2011 from 

De Souza, Z., & Dick, G. (2008). Information disclosure on MySpace - the what, the why and the implications. Pastoral Care in Education, 26(3), 143-157.

Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. (2008). Personal information of adolescents on the internet: A quantitative content analysis of MySpace. Journal of Adolescence, (31), 125-146.

Kirkpatrick, M. (2010). The man who looked into Facebook’s soul. Retrieved from

Selwyn, N. (2009). Faceworking: Exploring students education-related use of Facebook. Learning, Media and Technology, 34(2), 157 -174.

Wharton, C., Hampl, J., Hall, R., & Winham, D. (2003). PC’s or paper and pencil: On-line surveys for data collection. Beyond the Headlines, 103(11), 1458-1460.



Barber, M., & Njus, D. (2007). Clicker evolution: Seeking intelligent design. CBE-Life Sciences Education, 6(1), 1-20.

Caldwell, J. (2007).Clickers in the large classroom: Current research and best-practice tips. CBE Life SciencesEducation,6(1), 9-2.

Duncan, D. (2006). Clickers: A new teaching aid with exceptional promise. Astronomy Education Review, 5(1), 70-88.

Hoffman, C., & Goodwin, S. (2006). A clicker for your thoughts: Technology for active learning. New Library World, 107(9/10), 422-433.

Kay, R., & LeSage, A. (2009). Examining the benefits and challenges of using audience response systems: A review of the literature. Computers and Education,53, 819-827.

King, D., & Joshi, S. (2008). Gender differences in the use and effectiveness of personal response devices. Journal of Science and Education Technology,17(6), 544-552. 

LaBrie, J., Earleywine, M., Lamb, T., & Shelesky, K. (2006). Comparing electronic-keypad responses to paper-and-pencil questionnaires in group assessments of alcohol consumption and related attitudes. Addictive Behaviors, 31, 2334-2338.

Lowery, R. (2006). Clickers in the classroom: A comparison of interactive student-response keypad systems. National Social Science Association, 1-22.

MacGeorge, E., Homan, S., Dunning Jr., J., Elmore, D., Bodie, G., Evans, E., … Geddes, B. (2008). Student evaluation of audience response technology in large lecture classes. Education Technology Research and Development, 56, 125-145.

Martyn, M. (2007). Clickers in the classroom: An active learning approach. Educause Quarterly, 2, 71-74.

Patry, M. (2009). Clickers in large classes: From student perceptions towards an understanding of best practices. International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 3(2), 1-11.

Prather, E., & Brissenden, G. (2009). Clickers as data gathering tools and students’ attitudes, motivations, and beliefs on their use in this application. Astronomy Education Review, 8(1), 1-10.